Taksim Square: the heart of Istanbul
At the north end of İstiklal Caddesi, Istanbul’s largest public square called Taksim Square. The Square situated in the European part of Istanbul, Turkey. Location on Google maps: http://goo.gl/maps/UUg4s
The word Taksim means; distribution. The Taksim square was originally the point where the main water lines from the north of Istanbul were collected and branched off to other parts of the city. This use for the area was established by Sultan Mahmud I. Additionally, the word “Taksim” can refer to a special improvisational musical form in Turkish classical music that is guided by the Makam system.
Taksim Square is also the location of the Monument of the Republic which was commemorates the 5th anniversary of the foundation of the Republic of Turkey in 1923. The Mounment crafted by Pietro Canonica and inaugurated in 1928. The 11 meter high monument portrays the founders of the Turkish Republic, prominent are depictions of Kemal Atatürk, who commissioned the work, his assistant İsmet İnönü, and Fevzi Çakmak.
Finally the square has been an important venue for political protests. Groups from all sides of the political spectrum in Turkey, try to demonstrate in this square in order to use its visibility for the benefit of their cause.